thus compels u s " - t h u s 'catches us if we give with Burnet 4s its literal force to the verb in dTregi/oz6or 6 k67or aeL The same explicit indication. Similarly, when he says that murder and theft are always wrong, he does not mean that wrongful killing and taking are wrong, but that the current system of laws regarding these matters ought to be strictly enforced. The parallel point in ethics is that to make progress in this sphere we must already have come to enjoy doing what is just, courageous, generous and the like. He thinks of this second-best life as that of a political leader, because he assumes that the person who most fully exercises such qualities as justice and greatness of soul is the man who has the large resources needed to promote the common good.
Wie ihre vavr(a g/inzlich wertlos" (which is true) to "es ergibt sich also, dass alle iibrigen Dinge neutral (ofre dLTaO o6re Kagd) shad" (which is false). It should be evident that Aristotle's treatment of virtues as mean states endorses the idea that we should sometimes have strong feelingswhen such feelings are called for by our situation. This misses the point that for Socrates the very question of justifying the preference for a just to an unjust alternative by their respective yield in hedonic value is excluded ab initio, for he holds that in such a matter no value whatever accruing. I shall not undertake to argue here that nonetheless what Plato does say can be put together in a pattern substantially like the one in Aristotle. That is why he stresses that in this sort play names in essays of study one must be satisfied with conclusions that hold only for the most part (1094b1122). Aa See the long list of 'parts' of happiness in the Rhetoric (1360 B19ff). The Works of Aristotle Translated into English, Oxford, 1910-52.
Virtue being the sovereign good in our domain of value, its claim upon us is always final. For if this is what Socrates holds it commits him unavoidably s to the third of the positions laid out above: he is holding that happiness is v i r t u e - virtue its sole component, the only thing that makes life good. 12 gregory vlastos Consider the consequence, given his view that T24. Jq/SptDu apaprev p hhov "veKv Kacbr This is his retort to Odysseus' admission that the trickery is avar (93) and, by implication (93-94 unjust and impious, but must nonetheless be dared as the means to victory (h86 "ydp rt r'pa r r v r ha#ely.